Unauthorized dumps: socio-economic aspects of the problem

Economic Annals-ХХI: Volume 180, Issue 11-12, Pages: 165-172

Citation information:
Кirilchuk, I., & Rykunova, V. (2019). Unauthorized dumps: socio-economic aspects of the problem. Economic Annals-XXI, 180(11-12), 165-172. doi: https://doi.org/10.21003/ea.V180-18

Iraida Кirilchuk
PhD (Engineering),
Associate Professor of the Department of Labour Protection and Environment,
Faculty of Economics and Management,
Southwest State University
94, 50 Let Oktyabrya Str., Kursk, 305040, Russia
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8636-9340

Valentina Rykunova
PhD (Economics),
Associate Professor of the Department of Economic Security and Taxation,
Faculty of Economics and Management,
Southwest State University
94, 50 Let Oktyabrya Str., Kursk, 305040, Russia
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1875-0152

Unauthorized dumps: socio-economic aspects of the problem

Abstract. Russian economy is characterized by extremely large amounts of waste generation and this problem poses a real threat to the sustainable development of the country. In the European part of Russia, despite its breadth, the area of free land is limited and in some cases it is not available at all. This limits the storage and disposal of waste and creates prerequisites for the mass spread of illegal dumping and emergence of unauthorized dumps. It is very problematic to identify a person responsible for the occurrence of dumps and bring this person to justice because such dumps are often without ownership. Citizens-violators pay a fine of no more than EUR 35 in case of proven violation.

Our research is devoted to the development of scientifically proved approach to increasing liability for this environmental offence with regard to the socio-economic aspects of the problem. Proposed and tested method for calculating a fine for the occurrence of unauthorized dumps takes into account its environmental and social danger. It is aimed at economic stimulation of environmentally responsible behaviour, as the increased amount of fine will contribute to elimination of unauthorized dumps by the land owners.

In addition, the Internet portal has been created by the authors which allows the citizens to put the places of detected unauthorized dumps on an interactive map. It can also automatically generate an application to the appropriate authority and assess the environmental danger of a discovered dump and the amount of fine for its occurrence.

Keywords: Unauthorized Dump; Illegal Dumping; Waste; Waste Disposal Facility; Public Administration; Environmental Liability; Social and Ecological Danger; Fine

JEL Classification: M41; Q57

Acknowledgements and Funding: This work was carried out under the research grant of the President of the Russian Federation МK-941.2019.5 for the support of the young Russian scientists.

Contribution: Each author contributed equally to the research.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21003/ea.V180-18


  1. Abramov, N. F., Mirny, A. N., & Spassky, B. M. (2003). Concept of MSW treatment in the Russian Federation. Chistyi Gorod (Clean City), 2, 36-48 (in Russ.).
  2. Aleksandrova, T. V. (2007). Prospects of application of program-target management methods in solving problems of collection and disposal of household waste in the Leningrad region. Regionalnaya Ekologiya (Regional Ecology), 3-4, 187-191 (in Russ.).
  3. Back, P. (2018). Waste management in Finland. Solid Waste, 7, 56-59 (in Russ.).
  4. Batrakova, G. M., Maksimova, S. V., & Glushankova, I. S. (2003). Assessment of the potential hazard of the household waste disposal site in Perm. Sergeevskie Chteniya (Sergeyev Readings), 5, 216-22 (in Russ.).
  5. Belyaev, I. P., Solomin, I. A., & Udaltsov, A. N. (2004). Waste management and economic security of the city. Chistyi Gorod (Clean City), 25(1), 2-13 (in Russ.).
  6. Boravsky, B. V., & Zhukov, V. V. (2013). Methodology for evaluating environmental performance. Ekologiya Proizvodstva (Production Ecology), 5, 6-13 (in Russ.).
  7. Caniato, M., Tudor, T., & Vaccari, M. (2015). International governance structures for health-care waste management: A systematic review of scientific literature. Journal of Environmental Management, 153, 93-107.
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.01.039
  8. Dahl, H. M. (2018). Norwegian experience in waste management. Tverdye bytovye othody (Solid waste), 9, 70-72 (in Russ.).
  9. Devyatkin, V. (2007). Waste management in Russia: it is time to use domestic and foreign experience. Notes of the Fatherland, 35(2), 77-87.
    Retrieved from http://www.strana-oz.ru/2007/2/upravlenie-othodami-v-rossii-pora-ispolzovat-otechestvennyy-i-zarubezhnyy-opyt (in Russ.)
  10. Farmer, T. D., Shaw, P. J., & Williams, I. D. (2015). Destined for indecision? A critical analysis of waste management practices in England from 1996 to 2013. Waste Management, 39, 266-276.
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2015.02.023
  11. Gladyshev, N. G. (2007). Waste treatment. Organizational and technical solutions. Ekologiya i promyshlennost Rossii (Ecology and industry in Russia), 9, 28-31 (in Russ.).
  12. Hoornweg, D., & Bhada-Tata, P. (2012). What a waste. A Global Review of Solid Waste Management. World Bank Group, 15.
    Retrieved from https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/bitstream/handle/10986/17388/68135.pdf?sequence=8&isAllowed=y
  13. Kazdym, A. A. (2010). Historical ecology. Moscow: «IP Skorohodov» (in Russ.).
  14. Koenig, A. (2007). Resource consumption and waste generation in Hong Kong. International Directory of Solid Waste Management, 8, 330-333.
  15. Koltai, Z. R. (2007). Environmental protection issues concerning waste management in Hungary. International Directory of Solid Waste Management, 8, 334-338.
  16. Kotelnikova, E. A., & Zaycev, O. B. (2012). About garbage with sadness. Tverdye bytovye othody (Solid Waste), 7, 24-26 (in Russ.).
  17. Malinauskaite, J., Jouhara, H., Czajczyńska, D., Stanchev, P., Katsou, E., Rostkowski, P., Thorne, R. J., Colón, J., Ponsá, S., Al-Mansour, F., Anguilano, L., Krzyżyńska, R., López, I. C., Vlasopoulos, A., & Spencer, N. (2017). Municipal solid waste management and waste-to-energy in the context of a circular economy and energy recycling in Europe. Energy, 141, 2013-2044.
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.11.128
  18. Markvart, E. (2003). Reform and development of the municipal economy. Conceptual approach. Moscow: NP OST-EVRO-MUNICIPAL (in Russ.).
  19. Matsuto, T. (2017). Japan: solid waste management methods. Tverdye bytovye othody (Solid Waste), 5, 72-76 (in Russ.).
  20. Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation (2019). In the year of ecology in the regions of Russia, about 15 thousand unauthorized dumps were eliminated.
    Retrieved from http://oldsite.zapoved.ru/activities
  21. Rekus, I. G., & Shorina, O. S. (2001). Fundamentals of ecology and rational use of natural resources. Moscow: Moscow State University of Printing Arts.
    Retrieved from http://www.hi-edu.ru/e-books/xbook101/01 (in Russ.)
  22. Rubio, J. G. (2007). The role of landfills in the current management of household and industrial waste in Spain. International Directory Of Solid Waste Management, 8, 339-342.
  23. Sergeenkov, A. P. (2015). Requirements for hazardous waste sites. Tverdye bytovye othody (Solid Waste), 6, 38-41 (in Russ.).
  24. Shkarupa, O. V., & Kharchenko, M. O. (2017). Integrated assessment of environmental costs of national economy: A case study. International Journal of Ecological Economics and Statistics, 38(3), 43-50.
    Retrieved from http://www.ceser.in/ceserp/index.php/ijees/article/view/4965
  25. Sokolova, N. R. (2018). Rosprirodnadzor and waste problems: identification of causes, decision-making. Tverdye bytovye othody (Solid Waste), 5, 12-18 (in Russ.).
  26. State Duma of the Russian Federation (2001). Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation of 30.12.2001 No. 195-FZ (with amendments and additions that came into force on 01.07.2019) (in Russ.).
  27. The European Environment Agency (EEA) (2013). Managing municipal solid waste – a review of achievements in 32 European countries Report, 2.
    Retrieved from https://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/managing-municipal-solid-waste/download
  28. Voronin, P. M., Pavlenkov, M. N., & Larionov, V. G. (2016). The method for Evaluation and Selection of Investment Projects in the Field of Municipal Waste Management. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 47, 151-155.
    doi: https://doi.org/10.17485/ijst/2016/v9i47/109079
  29. Voronin, P. M., Pavlenkov, M. N., & Larionov, V. G. (2016). Approach to predictive modelling of total municipal solid waste removal volumes. Biofuels, 8(3), 373-376.
    doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/17597269.2016.1231956
  30. Voronin, P. M., Pavlenkov, M. N., & Maeva, L. S. (2015). Formation of Prognostic Funtions in Solid Waste. Eastern European Scientific Journal, 3, 1-5.
    doi: https://doi.org/10.12851/EESJ201503C03ART01
  31. Voronin, P. M., Pavlenkov, M. N., & Zhuravleva, T. V. (2015). The Method of Cluster Anaiysis Estimation of Investment Projects. Eastern European Scientific Journal, 3, 1-5.
    doi: https://doi.org/10.12851/EESJ201503C03ART02
  32. Whiting, К. J., & Schwager, F. J. (2007). European Trends in The Thermal Treatment of Solid Wastes. International Directory of Solid Waste Management, 8, 284-288.
  33. Yakovlev, A. S. (2007). Assessment of the actual impact and potential hazard of waste disposal facilities. Production ecology, 4, 44-47 (in Russ.).
  34. Yushin, V. V., & Kirilchuk, I. O. (2017). Geoinformation Accounting and Estimation of Danger of Spontaneous Unauthorized Dumps. Life Safety, 6(198), 34-42 (in Russ.).
  35. Yushin, V. V., Popov, V. M., Kirilchuk, I. O., & Gnezdilova, A. V. (2018). Development of Elements of Information-analytical System of Accounting of Unauthorized Dumps. Proceedings of the Southwest State University, 8(3(28)), 68-80.
    Retrieved from https://swsu.ru/izvestiya/seriesivt/archiv/3_2018.pdf (in Russ.)