Honey production competitiveness between the Visegrad countries analysis based on the relative comparative advantages indices

Economic Annals-ХХI: Volume 189, Issue 5-6(1), Pages: 57-68

Citation information:
Illés, B. Cs., Oravecz, T., Žufan, P., Šedík, P., & Mucha, L. (2021). Honey production competitiveness between the Visegrad countries analysis based on the relative comparative advantages indices. Economic Annals-XXI, 189(5-6(1)), 57-68. doi: https://doi.org/10.21003/ea.V189-06


Bálint Csaba Illés
CSc, habil (Economics),
Full Professor,
Institute of Economic Sciences,
Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences
1. Páter Károly Str.,
Gödöllő, 2100, Hungary
Illes.Balint.Csaba@uni-mate.hu
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9546-2897

Titanilla Oravecz
PhD (Economics),
Assistant Lecturer,
Department of Marketing,
Faculty of International Management and Business,
Budapest Business School
22-24. Diósy Lajos Str.,
Budapest, 1165, Hungary
Oravecz.Titanilla@uni-bge.hu
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2582-3893

Pavel Žufan
PhD (Economics),
Associate Professor,
Department of Management,
Faculty of Business and Economics,
Mendel University in Brno
Zemědělská 1/1665,
Brno, 613 00, Czech Republic
pavel.zufan@mendelu.cz
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9184-545X

Peter Šedík
PhD (Economics),
Assistant Professor,
Institute of Marketing, Trade and Social Studies,
Faculty of Economics and Management,
Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra
Tr. A. Hlinku 2, 949 76, Nitra, Slovakia
sedik.peter@gmail.com
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2495-5162

László Mucha
PhD Student (Economics),
Doctoral School of Economic and Regional Sciences,
Institute of Economic Sciences,
Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences
1. Páter Károly Str., Gödöllő, 2100, Hungary
mucha.laszlo@phd.uni-szie.hu
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4971-3832

Honey production competitiveness between the Visegrad countries analysis based on the relative comparative advantages indices

Abstract. Honey has beneficial physiological effects, it is a valuable agricultural export product and widely used worldwide as food and medicine also. The primary aim of this present study is to demonstrate the honey production and trade of the EU member states known as Visegrad Four between 2000 and 2018. Also an objective of this article is the calculation of the actual comparative advantages of the Visegrad Four in foreign trade in natural honey using the RCA (relative comparative advantages) indices. During the research and analysis, different international and EU Databases were used. Secondary data used in the analysis derive from the reports of National Apiculture Programmes, the European Commission and the European Committee and from the databases of Faostat, Trademap and the United Nations Comtrade Database. V4 countries account for about 25% of the total EU apiculture sector, and the cooperation of Visegrad Four countries in the field of beekeeping could make a major contribution to the competitiveness of the sector. Examining the import and export data, using RCA indices it was proved that Hungary has a comparative advantage in terms of natural honey, however the competitiveness of the beekeeping sector in the region depends on the common performance of all four countries. Due to the stability of the sector and the positive externalities, authors suggest the further support of the apiary in the region.

Keywords: Central and Eastern European Countries; Export; Honey Product; Honey Trade; Import; Revealed Comparative Advantage Index

JEL Classification: F11; L66; Q17

Acknowledgements and Funding: Supported by the ÚNKP-20-3-I-SZIE-3 New National Excellence Program of the Ministry for Innovation and Technology.

Contribution: The authors contributed equally to this work.

Data Availability Statement: The dataset is available from the authors upon request.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21003/ea.V189-06

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Received 4.03.2021
Received in revised form 19.04.2021
Accepted 30.04.2021
Available online 10.06.2021