Industry 4.0 and human resource in Indonesia: a systematic literature review

Economic Annals-ХХI: Volume 190, Issue 5-6(2), Pages: 171-180

Citation information:
Tuegeh, O. D. M., Harangi-Rákos, M., & Nagy, A. Sz. (2021). Industry 4.0 and human resource in Indonesia: a systematic literature review. Economic Annals-XXI, 190(5-6(2)), 171-180. doi: https://doi.org/10.21003/ea.V190-16


Octavia Diana Monica Tuegeh
PhD Student (Economics),
Károly Ihrig Doctoral School of Management and
Business, Faculty of Economics and Business,
University of Debrecen
138 Böszörményi Str., Debrecen, 4032, Hungary
tuegeh.octavia@econ.unideb.hu
Assistant Professor of Economics,
Accounting Department,
Faculty of Economics and Business,
Manado State University (UNIMA)
Jl. Kampus UNIMA, Tonsaru, Tondano Sel., Kabupaten Minahasa, Sulawesi Utara, 95618, Indonesia
voctavia@gmail.com
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4683-4505

Mónika Harangi-Rákos
PhD (Economics),
Associate Professor,
Institute of Rural Development,
Regional Economy and Tourism Management,
University of Debrecen,
Faculty of Economics and Business
138 Böszörményi St., Debrecen, 4032, Hungary
rakos.monika@econ.unideb.hu
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2986-4334

Adrian Szilárd Nagy
PhD (Economics),
Associate Professor,
Institute of Applied Economic Sciences,
Faculty of Economics and Business,
University of Debrecen
138 Böszörményi Str., Debrecen, 4032, Hungary
nagy.adrian@econ.unideb.hu
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3813-9759

Industry 4.0 and human resource in Indonesia: a systematic literature review

Abstract. There are concerns about the impact of Industrial Revolution 4.0 and challenges on the job market. This research purpose is to analyze the impact of the 4.0 industrial revolution on the labor market related to its consequences for higher education. Based on the Systematic Literature Review using VOSview, this research found the challenges of Industry 4.0 on the job market in Indonesia. Based on the challenges, this research purpose competencies and skill acquired and how the need for higher education to change to answer these challenges.

Keywords: Higher Education; Human Resource; Indonesia; Industry 4.0; Organizational Change

JEL Classification: I23; J24; O15

Acknowledgements and Funding: The authors received no direct funding for this research.

Contribution: The authors contributed equally to this work.

Data Availability Statement: The dataset is available from the authors upon request.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21003/ea.V190-16

Reference

  1. Abbas Kazmi, S. Z., & Nábrádi, A. (2017). New Venture Creation – The Influence Of Entrepreneurship Education On Students’ Behavior (A Literature – Review Based Study). APSTRACT – Applied Studies in Agribusiness and Commerce, 11(1-2), 147-154.
    https://doi.org/10.22004/ag.econ.265597
  2. Analecto, A., França, M. N., de Assunção Gomes, K., Marcondes Junior, M. P., & Surian, V. V. (2019). The traditional fishing in Parana Coast – Brazil, Implications, potentialities and socioeconomics aspects. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science, 6(1), 1-6.
    https://doi.org/10.22161/ijaers.6.1.1
  3. Angeloska, A., Spaller, E., & Vasa, L. (2020). Foreign direct investment, digital skills and employability – comparison between Eastern and Western Europe. In M. Kordoš (Ed.) Proceedings of scientific papers from the international scientific conference The Impact of Industry 4.0 On Job Creation 2020 (pp. 30-37). Alexander Dubček University in Trenčín Publishing House, Slovakia.
  4. Beke, É., Horváth, R., & Takács-György, K. (2020). Industry 4.0 and current competencies. Nase Gospodarstvo – Our Economy, 66(4), 63-70.
    https://doi.org/10.2478/ngoe-2020-0024
  5. Benešová, A., & Tupa, J. (2017). Requirements for Education and Qualification of People in Industry 4.0. Procedia Manufacturing, 11, 2195-2202.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2017.07.366
  6. Béresné, M. B., Lakatos, V., & Tömöri, G. (2020): Az intellektuális tőke hatékonysága, mint meghatározó innovációs tényező (The effectiveness of intellectual capital as a determinant of innovation). International Journal of Engineering and Management Sciences, 5(1), 419-428.
    https://doi.org/10.21791/IJEMS.2020.1.35 (in Hungarian)
  7. Borah, D., Malik, K., & Massini, S. (2021). Teaching-focused university – industry collaborations: Determinants and impact on graduates’ employability competencies. Research Policy, 50(3), 104172.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2020.104172
  8. Böcskei, E., Bács, Z., Kovács, B., Tarnóczi, T., & Fenyves, V. (2018). Fókuszpontban a mobilitás – a magyar felsőoktatás a számok tükrében. (The focus is on mobility – Hungarian higher education in the light of numbers). Controller Info, 6(4), 17-20.
    https://doi.org/10.24387/CI.2018.4.4 (in Hungarian)
  9. Böcskei, E., Bács, Z., Kovács, B., Tarnóczi, T., & Fenyves, V. (2019). A nemzetközi diplomamobilitás stratégiai irányvonalai – a Magyarországon tanulmányokat folytató külföldi hallgatók motivációi, valamint a külföldi tanulmányokat befolyásoló tényezők vizsgálata. (Strategic directions of international diploma mobility – examination of the motivations of foreign students studying in Hungary and the factors influencing studies abroad). Competitio, 18(1-2), 3-38.
    https://doi.org/10.21845/comp/2019/1-2/1
  10. Cavicchi, C., & Vagnoni, E. (2018). Intellectual capital in support of farm businesses’ strategic management: a case study. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 19(4), 692-711.
    https://doi.org/10.1108/JIC-11-2017-0150
  11. Chauhan, Ch., Singh, A., & Luthra, S. (2021). Barriers to industry 4.0 adoption and its performance implications: An empirical investigation of emerging economy. Journal of Cleaner Production, 285, 124809.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.124809
  12. Csapó, Zs., Nábrádi, A., Kovács, K., & Csapóné Riskó, T. (2017). MBA education at the University of Debrecen and its further development towards double degree programmes. Applied Studies in Agribusiness and Commerce, 11(1-2), 167-170.
    https://doi.org/10.19041/APSTRACT/2017/1-2/20
  13. Dhanpat, N., Buthelezi, Z. P., Joe, M. R., Maphela, T. V., & Shongwe, N. (2020). Industry 4.0: The role of human resource professionals. SA Journal of Human Resource Management, 18, 10.
    https://doi.org/10.4102/sajhrm.v18i0.1302
  14. Digmayer, C., & Jakobs, E.-M. (2018). Employee Empowerment in the Context of Domain-Specific Risks in Industry 4.0. In S. Stashevsky (Ed.), 2018 IEEE International Professional Communication Conference (ProComm) (pp. 125-133). IEEE.
    https://doi.org/10.1109/ProComm.2018.00034
  15. Dwivedi, Y. K., Hughes, L., Ismagilova, E., Aarts, G., Coombs, C., Crick, T., Duan, Y., Dwivedi, R., Edwards, J., Eirug, A., Galanos, V., Ilavarasan, P. V., Janssen, M., Jones, P., Kar, A. K., Kizgin, H., Kronemann, B., Lal, B., Lucini, B., … Williams, M. D. (2021). Artificial Intelligence (AI): Multidisciplinary perspectives on emerging challenges, opportunities, and agenda for research, practice and policy. International Journal of Information Management, 57, 101994.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2019.08.002
  16. Fajar, A. N., Nurcahyo, A., & Sriratnasari, S. R. (2018). SOA system architecture for interconected modern higher education in indonesia. Procedia Computer Science, 135, 354-360.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2018.08.184
  17. Fekete Farkas, M., & Török, G. (2011). Knowledge workers, competencies, virtuality and management. Polish Journal of Management Studies, 4(1), 1-238.
    https://www.researchgate.net/publication/227470682_Knowledge_workers_competencies_virtuality_and_management
  18. Fenyves, V., Bács, Z., Kovács, B., Tarnóczi, T., Nemeslaki, A., & Böcskei, E. (2019). Analysis of factors influencing foreign studies – Strategic decisions – Results of a Hungarian survey. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 22(5).
    https://www.abacademies.org/articles/analysis-of-factors-influencing-foreign-studies45strategic-decisions45results-of-a-hungarian-survey-8609.html
  19. Giang Thi Huong, Hai Pham Thi Thanh, Tu Nguyen Thi Thanh, & Tan Phan Xuan (2021). Exploring the readiness for digital transformation in a higher education institution towards industrial revolution 4.0. International Journal of Engineering Pedagogy, 11(2), 4-24.
    https://doi.org/10.3991/IJEP.V11I2.17515
  20. Groves Punyaratabandhu, G. (2020). Desk study on demographic changes in fishing communities in the Asia-Pacific Region and implications for fisheries and for the social development. In Siar, S. V., & Kusakabe, K. (eds.). Demographic change in Asian fishing communities: Drivers, outcomes and potential impacts (pp. 3-36). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Bangkok.
    https://www.fao.org/3/cb1752en/CB1752EN.pdf
  21. Hanafi, Y., Taufiq, A., Saefi, M., Ikhsan, M. A., Diyana, T. N., Thoriquttyas, T., & Anam, F. K. (2021). The new identity of Indonesian Islamic boarding schools in the «new normal»: the education leadership response to COVID-19. Heliyon, 7(3), e06549.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06549
  22. Hasan, M. Z., Mallik, A., & Tsou, J.-Ch. (2021). Learning method design for engineering students to be prepared for Industry 4.0: a Kaizen approach. Higher Education, Skills and Work-Based Learning, 11(1), 182-198.
    https://doi.org/10.1108/HESWBL-07-2019-0098
  23. Hecklau, F., Galeitzke, M., Flachs, S., & Kohl, H. (2016). Holistic Approach for Human Resource Management in Industry 4.0. Procedia CIRP, 54, 1-6.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procir.2016.05.102
  24. Helming, S., Ungermann, F., Hierath, N., Stricker, N., & Lanza, G. (2019). Development of a training concept for leadership 4.0 in production environments. Procedia Manufacturing, 31, 38-44.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2019.03.007
  25. Hidayatno, A., Destyanto, A. R., & Hulu, Ch. A. (2019). Industry 4.0 technology implementation impact to industrial sustainable energy in Indonesia: A model conceptualization. Energy Procedia, 156, 227-233.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2018.11.133
  26. Indartono, S. (2020). Data on higher education student ethics model. Data in Brief, 28, 104904.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dib.2019.104904
  27. Kadir, B. A., Broberg, O., & Conceição, C. S. da. (2019). Current research and future perspectives on human factors and ergonomics in Industry 4.0. Computers and Industrial Engineering, 137, 106004.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cie.2019.106004
  28. Kearney, A. T. (2018). Insight Report: Readiness for the Future of Production Report 2018. In World Economic Forum. World Economic Forum.
    http://www3.weforum.org/docs/FOP_Readiness_Report_2018.pdf
  29. Kipper, L. M., Iepsen, S., Dal Forno, A. J., Frozza, R., Furstenau, L., Agnes, J., & Cossul, D. (2021). Scientific mapping to identify competencies required by industry 4.0. Technology in Society, 64, 101454.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2020.101454
  30. Kovács, T., Bittner, B., David, F., & Nábrádi, A. (2021). Examination of digitalization in Hungarian and Romanian companies. Annals of the University of Oradea Economic Science, 30(1), 114-120.
    https://doi.org/10.47535/1991AUOES30(1)010
  31. Kőmíves, P. M. (2019). A nemzetköziesedés jelentősége a felsőoktatásban (The importance of internationalization in higher education). Debreceni Jogi Műhely, 16(3-4), 2-12.
    https://ojs.lib.unideb.hu/DJM/article/view/5857 (in Hungarian)
  32. Kőmíves, P. M., Pilishegyi, P., Novák, N., Nagy, A. S., & Körösparti, P. (2019). The Role of the Higher Education in the Development of the Agriculture. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 9(9), 607-612.
    https://doi.org/10.18178/ijiet.2019.9.9.1275
  33. Kőmíves, P. M. (2020). A felsőoktatás nemzetköziesedésének történelmi vetületei, mint az innováció és a tudásáramlás történelmi példái (Historical aspects of the internationalization of higher education as historical examples of innovation and knowledge flow). International Journal of Engineering and Management Sciences, 5(1), 90-101.
    https://doi.org/10.21791/IJEMS.2020.1.8 (in Hungarian)
  34. Kurt, R. (2019). Industry 4.0 in Terms of Industrial Relations and Its Impacts on Labour Life. Procedia Computer Science, 158, 590-601.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2019.09.093
  35. Lakatos, V. (2015): Duális képzés tanterv és tartalomfejlesztés = Curriculum and Content Development for the Dual Training. Economica (Szolnok), 8(4), 59-67.
    http://gk.uni-pae.hu/downloadmanager/download/nohtml/1/id/4000044 (in Hungarian)
  36. Lakatos, V., Vizdák, K., & Király, J. (1997). Kistermelői gazdaságok munkaerő-ellátottsága Magyarországon (Labour supply of smallholder farms in Hungary) Agrárfőiskolák Szövetségének Tudományos Közleményei, 20(1), 51-59 (in Hungarian).
  37. Lee, J.-W., & Wie, D. (2015). Technological Change, Skill Demand, and Wage Inequality: Evidence from Indonesia. World Development, 67, 238-250.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.10.020
  38. Li, L. (2018). China’s manufacturing locus in 2025: With a comparison of «Made-in-China 2025» and «Industry 4.0.» Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 135, 66-74.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2017.05.028
  39. Liboni, L. B., Cezarino, L. O., Jabbour, C. J. C., Oliveira, B. G., & Stefanelli, N. O. (2019). Smart industry and the pathways to HRM 4.0: implications for SCM. Supply Chain Management, 24(1), 124-146.
    https://doi.org/10.1108/SCM-03-2018-0150
  40. Mantra, I., Hartawan, M. S., Saragih, H., & Rahman, A. A. (2019). Web Vulnerability Assessment and Maturity Model Analysis on Indonesia Higher Education. Procedia Computer Science, 161, 1165-1172.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2019.11.229
  41. Masuda, K., & Yudhistira, M. H. (2020). Does education secularize the Islamic population? The effect of years of schooling on religiosity, voting, and pluralism in Indonesia. World Development, 130, 104915.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2020.104915
  42. Ministry of Industry. (2018). Indonesia’s 4th Industrial Revolution.
    https://www.kemenperin.go.id/download/19347
  43. Mohelska, H., & Sokolova, M. (2018). Management approaches for industry 4.0 – The organizational culture perspective. Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 24(6), 2225-2240.
    https://doi.org/10.3846/tede.2018.6397
  44. Molano, J. I. R., Lovelle, J. M. C., Montenegro, C. E., Granados, J. J. R., & Crespo, R. G. (2018). Metamodel for integration of Internet of Things, Social Networks, the Cloud and Industry 4.0. Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing, 9(3), 709-723.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s12652-017-0469-5
  45. Mourtzis, D., Vlachou, E., Dimitrakopoulos, G., & Zogopoulos, V. (2018). Cyber- Physical Systems and Education 4.0 -The Teaching Factory 4.0 Concept. Procedia Manufacturing, 23, 129-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2018.04.005
  46. Müller, J. M., Kiel, D., & Voigt, K.-I. (2018). What Drives the Implementation of Industry 4.0? The Role of Opportunities and Challenges in the Context of Sustainability. Sustainability, 10(1), 247.
    https://doi.org/10.3390/su10010247
  47. Nagy, J., Oláh, J., Erdei, E., Máté, D., & Popp, J. (2018). The role and impact of industry 4.0 and the internet of things on the business strategy of the value chain-the case of hungary. Sustainability, 10(10), 3491.
    https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103491
  48. Nakajima, N., Hasan, A., Jung, H., Brinkman, S., Pradhan, M., & Kinnell, A. (2019). Investing in school readiness: A comparison of different early childhood education pathways in rural Indonesia. International Journal of Educational Development, 69, 22-38.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2019.05.009
  49. Nakamura, S., Ogiela, L., Enokido, T., & Takizawa, M. (2018). An information flow control model in a topic-based publish/subscribe system. Journal of High Speed Networks, 24(3), 243-257.
  50. Neumann, W. P., Winkelhaus, S., Grosse, E. H., & Glock, C. H. (2021). Industry 4.0 and the human factor – A systems framework and analysis methodology for successful development. International Journal of Production Economics, 233, 107992.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2020.107992
  51. Németh, K., & Kőmíves, P. M. (2020). A V4 térség autóiparának innovációja és kihívásai, különös tekintettel a szektor munkaerő iránti igényére (Innovation and challenges for the automotive industry in the V4 region, with particular reference to the sector’s labor needs). Magyar Minőség (Hungarian Quality), 29(1), 10-24.
  52. Oláh, J., Popp, J., & Erdei, E. (2019). Az Ipar 5.0 megjelenése: ember és robot együttműködése (The release of Industry 5.0: human-robot collaboration). Logisztikai Trendek és Legjobb Gyakorlatok (Logistics Trends and Best Practices), 5(1),12-19.
  53. Oláh, J., Aburumman, N., Popp, J., Khan, M. A., Haddad, H., & Kitukutha, N. (2020). Impact of Industry 4.0 on environmental sustainability. Sustainability, 12(11), 4674.
    https://doi.org/10.3390/su12114674
  54. Oztemel, E., & Gursev, S. (2020). Literature review of Industry 4.0 and related technologies. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, 31(1), 127-182.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10845-018-1433-8
  55. Perianes-Rodriguez, A., Waltman, L., & Eck, N. J. van. (2016). Constructing bibliometric networks: A comparison between full and fractional counting. Journal of Informetrics, 10(4), 1178-1195.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joi.2016.10.006
  56. Pinzone, M., Fantini, P., Perini, S., Garavaglia, S., Taisch, M., & Miragliotta, G. (2017). Jobs and skills in industry 4.0: An exploratory research. In Lödding H., Riedel R., Thoben KD., von Cieminski G., Kiritsis D. (Eds.), Advances in Production Management Systems. The Path to Intelligent, Collaborative and Sustainable Manufacturing. APMS 2017. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, vol. 513. (pp. 282-288). Springer, Cham.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-66923-6_33
  57. Rahim, S., Murshed, M., Umarbeyli, S., Kirikkaleli, D., Ahmad, M., Tufail, M., & Wahab, S. (2021). Do natural resources abundance and human capital development promote economic growth? A study on the resource curse hypothesis in Next Eleven countries. Resources, Environment and Sustainability, 4, 100018.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resenv.2021.100018
  58. Ribeiro, A., Amaral, A., & Barros, T. (2021). Project Manager Competencies in the context of the Industry 4.0. Procedia Computer Science, 181(2019), 803-810.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2021.01.233
  59. Schwab, K. (2016). The Fourth Industrial Revolution. Crown Business.
  60. Selvarajah, C., & Meyer, D. (2017). Human capacity development in Indonesia: leadership and managerial ideology in Javanese organizations. Asia Pacific Business Review, 23(2), 264-289.
    https://doi.org/10.1080/13602381.2017.1299401
  61. Sommer, L. (2015). Industrial revolution – Industry 4.0: Are German manufacturing SMEs the first victims of this revolution? Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 8(5), 1512-1532.
    https://doi.org/10.3926/jiem.1470
  62. Songkram, N., Chootongchai, S., Khlaisang, J., & Koraneekij, P. (2019). Education 3.0 system to enhance twenty-first century skills for higher education learners in Thailand. Interactive Learning Environments, 29(4), 1-17.
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10494820.2019.1592197
  63. Sowa, K., Przegalinska, A., & Ciechanowski, L. (2021). Cobots in knowledge work: Human – AI collaboration in managerial professions. Journal of Business Research, 125, 135-142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2020.11.038
  64. Stacho, Z., Stachová, K., Cagáňová, D., & Blštáková, J. (2021). The Key Managerial Competencies Tendencies Application in the Business Environment in Slovakia within the Context of Industry 4.0. EAI Endorsed Transactions on Energy Web, 32(8), 1-9.
    https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.1-7-2020.166009
  65. Stachová, K., Papula, J., Stacho, Z., & Kohnová, L. (2019). External partnerships in employee education and development as the key to facing industry 4.0 challenges. Sustainability, 11(2), 345.
    https://doi.org/10.3390/su11020345
  66. Suharno, Pambudi, N. A., & Harjanto, B. (2020). Vocational education in Indonesia: History, development, opportunities, and challenges. Children and Youth Services Review, 115, 105092.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105092
  67. Sukendro, S., Habibi, A., Khaeruddin, K., Indrayana, B., Syahruddin, S., Makadada, F. A., & Hakim, H. (2020). Using an extended Technology Acceptance Model to understand students’ use of e-learning during Covid-19: Indonesian sport science education context. Heliyon, 11(6), e05410.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e05410
  68. Sunarto, K. (2017). The Rise of Quality Assurance in Indonesian Higher Education. In M. Shah, & Q. T. N. Do (Eds.). The Rise of Quality Assurance in Asian Higher Education (pp. 67-86). Elsevier.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-100553-8.00008-2
  69. Takácsné György, K., & Takács, I. (2017). Talent management in higher education – a case study from Hungary. International Journal of Contemporary Management, 16(3), 157-188.
    https://www.ejournals.eu/ijcm/2017/Numer-16(3)/art/11308
  70. Tan, H. Sen, Ivander, Oktarina, R., Reynaldo, V., & Sharina, C. (2020). Conceptual development of learning factory for industrial engineering education in Indonesia context as an enabler of students’ competencies in industry 4.0 era. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 426, 012123.
    https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/426/1/012123
  71. Tsuda, N., & Tsugawa, S. (2020). Effects of community structure in social networks on speed information diffusion. In Benito, R. M., Cherifi, C., Cherifi, H., Moro, E., Rocha, L. M., & Sales-Pardo, M. (Eds.). Complex Networks & Their Applications IX. COMPLEX NETWORKS 2020 2020. Studies in Computational Intelligence, vol. 943. (pp. 51-61). Springer, Cham.
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-65347-7_5
  72. Tuegeh, O. D. M. (2016). The manado state university lecturer performance and capability to adress mea. Jurnal of Asean Studies on Maritime Issues, 2(2), 40-54.
    https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/jasmi/article/view/18841
  73. Tumiwa, J. R., & Nagy, A. (2021). Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises in Emerging Economies and Economic Transition: A comparative study between Indonesia and Hungary. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 43(1), 22-38.
    https://doi.org/10.1504/IJESB.2021.115312
  74. Vandergeest, P. (2018). Law and lawlessness in industrial fishing: Frontiers in regulating labour relations in Asia. International Social Science Journal, 68(229-230), 325-341.
    https://doi.org/10.1111/issj.12195
  75. Vida, I., Spaller, E., & Vasa, L. (2020). Potential effects of Finance 4.0 on the employment in East Africa. Economy and Sociology / Economie si Sociologie, 2, 29-42.
    https://doi.org/10.36004/nier.es.2020.2-03
  76. Vinogradov, S. A., Fekete-Farkas, M., & Tóth-Naár, Zs. (2015). Determinants of the labor market success of students graduated in Szent István University in Hungary. Journal of Management, 27(2), 27-31.
    https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/determinants-of-the-labor-market-success-of-in-in-Vinogradov-Fekete-Farkas/f0c8efd1cfdee352fdd4e6f0f9f6206a672177d6
  77. Wulfken, B. T., & Müller, E. (2018). How to improve employee education – Methodological approach to structure specialist and interdisciplinary requirements. 2017 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management (IEEM), 130-134.
    https://doi.org/10.1109/IEEM.2017.8289865
  78. Yi, Y., Yan, Y., Liu, X., Ni, Zh., Feng, J., & Liu, J. (2021). Digital twin-based smart assembly process design and application framework for complex products and its case study. Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 58(B), 94-107.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmsy.2020.04.013

Received 5.04.2021
Received in revised form 22.04.2021
Accepted 27.04.2021
Available online 10.07.2021