Cooperative learning enhances critical thinking in Peruvian economics university students

Economic Annals-ХХI: Volume 193, Issue (9-10), Pages: 146-151

Citation information:
Sáenz-Rodríguez, R. R., Ramirez-Asis, E. E., Dextre-Martinez, W. R., & Guerra-Muñoz, M. E. (2021). Cooperative learning enhances critical thinking in Peruvian economics university students. Economic Annals-XXI, 193(9-10), 146-151. doi:

Rolando Remigio Sáenz-Rodríguez
PhD (Educacion Management),
César Vallejo University
1770 Larco Str., Trujillo, 13001, Peru

Elia Esperanza Ramirez-Asis
Master of Education Management,
San Pedro University
h11Laderas del Nte., Chimbote, 02803, Peru

William Rene Dextre-Martinez
Master of Business Management,
Santiago Antúnez de Mayolo National University
200 Centenario Str., Huaraz, 02002, Peru

Martha Esther Guerra-Muñoz
PhD (Social Sciences),
Universidad popular del Cesar
80 Valledupar Str., Cesar, 200002, Colombia

Cooperative learning enhances critical thinking in Peruvian economics university students

Abstract. Critical thinking, along with creative thinking, is a prerequisite for other life skills such as problem solving, decision making, effective communication and constructive relationships. A person who does not have the ability to think critically cannot evaluate multiple solutions to problems and choose the best method, and therefore will face multiple failures. Critical thinking enables one to evaluate existing ideas and solutions and select the best ones.

The purpose of this article is to examine the ability for critical thinking in management and objective factors influencing it. The survey was conducted over the year 2020. The proposed methodology is based on the descriptive and correlative statistics by a survey of 283 cases and by the questioner approach for data collection among the students in economic field of studies. The direct and main positive link between co-operational learning and critical thinking has been confirmed in our research.

Keywords: Economics Sciences; Cooperative Learning; University Student; Critical Thinking; Social Skills; Soft Skills

JEL Classifications: Е24; Е41

Acknowledgments and Funding: The authors received no direct funding for this research.

Contribution: The authors contributed equally to this work.

Data Availability Statement: The dataset is available from the authors upon request.



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Received 6.07.2021
Received in revised form 9.08.2021
Accepted 19.08.2021
Available online 19.10.2021