Influence of income, education and religious rituals on life quality

Economic Annals-XXI: Volume 203, Issue (5-6), Pages: 76-81

Citation information:
Susminingsih (2023). Influence of income, education and religious rituals on life quality. Economic Annals-XXI, 203(5-6), 76-81. doi:

PhD (Islamic Economics),
Department of Economy,
Faculty of Islamic Business and Economy,
UIN K. H. Abdurrahman Wahid Pekalongan
9 Kusuma Bangsa Str., Panjang Baru, Pekalongan, Central Java, 51141, Indonesia

Influence of income, education and religious rituals on life quality

Abstract. The main objective of this study was to analyze the effect of monthly income, educational attainment, and religious rituals on individual happiness. The method in this research is descriptive quantitative. This study involved 206 people randomly selected in Indonesia in 2022. The data is obtained by giving a questionnaire. The sample is Muslim, so that the religious indicators are related to Islam. Indicators in measuring happiness are based on Statistics Indonesia. This study uses analysis of the covariance method (ANCOVA) to obtain empirical evidence. The results show that the only statistically independent variable that positively and significantly affects happiness is a religious ritual. Meanwhile, income and education have a positive effect on happiness but not statistically significant. Overall, these three independent variables have a simultaneous effect on positive and statistically significant life quality.

Keywords: Income; Education; Religion; Life Quality

JEL Classifications: Е24; Е41; Е64

Acknowledgements and Funding: The author received no direct funding for this research.

Contribution: The author contributed personally to this work.

Data Availability Statement: The dataset is available from the author upon request.



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Received 10.02.2023
Received in revised form 3.03.2023
Accepted 6.03.2023
Available online 14.06.2023